CHAPTER 16 HOW TO PERFORM SALAT (PRAYERS)?
Be sure that your body, clothes and place are clean.
Raise the hands to the shoulder level and say: “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Greatest).
Fold the hand on the chest, the right hand over the left.
Recite Al-Fatihah (The Opening Chapter of The #Qur’an) and another chapter or some verses of The Qur’an (See App. 1)
Say. “Allahu Akbar” while making Ruku‘ (bowing and bending the body at a right angle placing the palms on the knees)
Say in Ruku’: “Subhana rabbiyal-atheem” (Glory be to my Lord, the Great!) three times.
Go back to the standing position saying: “Sami‘a ’allahu liman hamidah! Rabbana wa lakal-hamd.” (Indeed, Allah listens to one who praises Him O! Our Lord! All praises be to You)
Then, you say “Allahu Akbar” and immediately fall down to make the first #Sajdah (Prostration) with forehead, nose, palms, knees and toes resting on the ground,-saying: “Subhana rabbiyal ’a‘la” (Glory be to my Lord, Most High) Three times.
Move from sajdah (prostration) position to sitting posture while saying; “Allahu Akbar!” While sitting, say “Rabbighfirli warhamni” (O My Lord! Forgive me! and have mercy on me)
After this, another sajdah is done in the same way with “Allahu Akbar” uttered before it, and “Subhana rabbiyal ’a‘la” Three times during Sujud.
After completing the second sajdah, one “Rak‘ah” is completed.
Stand up saying “Allahu Akbar” in order to begin a new Rak‘ah, exactly as the first Rak‘ah.
After finishing the second “Rak‘ah” you sit down and recite Part One and Part Two of “At-Tashahhud”.
Finally you turn the face to the right hand side and say: “As-Salamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatul-lah” which means Peace be upon you and The Mercy of Allah!
Then you do the same to the left side.
Thus a two- Rak‘ah prayer is completed, such as the Fajr Prayer.
As for 4 Rak‘ah prayers such as the Dhuhr, only the first part of At-Tashahhud is recited after completing the second Rak‘ah. Then you stand up to perform two more Rak‘ahs in the same way, but without reciting any verses from The Qur’an after Al-Fatihah.
The ‘Asr and t ‘Isha’ prayers are performed exactly as the Dhuhr.
In the Maghrib Prayer, the final Tashahhud and “As-Salam…” come after the third Rak‘ah.
WHY WE PRAY
The Muslim observes his Prayers to show devotion and obedience to Allah, because Prayer is one of the greatest forms of worship that Allah likes His servants to offer.
To thank Him for creating us in the best form of creation.
Prayer is a chance for a Muslim to express to his Lord whatever he feels and needs through Divine Words of Allah i.e. the Qur’an.
To remember his Lord and not forget His commands amid life’s pre-occupations.
To ask Allah, The Exalted, to give him aid and continuous guidance in the darkness of life.
To strengthen love and fear of Allah in the Muslim’s heart so that he might remain sticking to the Right Path of Islam, and its laws and manners.
Gaining good rewards from Allah and having our sins forgiven.
To rejoice when he finds himself on the Last Day pleased with the great reward allotted to him in the Gardens of Bliss.
Prayer is a unique training and developmental program which, if well and devotedly performed, can achieve for Muslims many valuable physical, ethical and spiritual gains such as cleanliness, health, order, punctuality, brotherhood, equality, social consolidation,… etc.
End of article PERFORM SALAT