CHAPTER 13 THE TWO SHAHADAS (DECLARATIONS)
Ash-Shahadah means to say, with a firm belief in heart, and mind, the following:
’Ash-hadu ’an Laa ’ilaha ’illal-Lahu,
Wa’ash-hadu ’anna Muhammadan rasulul-Lah.
The meaning of these is:
CHAPTER 14 SALAT (PRAYER)
We #pray five times everyday:
The #Fajr (dawn) prayer. Two Rak‘ahs (Units). Its time starts just after dawn and ends at sunrise.
The #Dhuhr (noon) prayer. Four Rak‘ahs. Time starts just after sun moves down from its zenith and ends at the midpoint between zenith and sunset.
The #Asr (Late afternoon) prayer: Four Rak‘ahs. Time starts after the end of the Dhuhr prayer and ends at sunset.
The #Maghrib (Sunset) prayer: Three Rak‘ahs. Time starts just after sunset.
The #Isha’ (Evening) prayer: Four Rak‘ahs. Preferable time starts when twilight disappears and ends at midnight.
CHAPTER 15 AT-TAHARAH (PURITY)
A #Muslim must be pure and clean when he performs his prayer, (otherwise his prayers will not be valid).
At-Taharah is of two types: Wudu’, (#Ablution) and Ghusl (full Ablution).
WUDU’ (Ablution) which is performed as follows:
Have #Niyyah (the clear intention) of performing wudu’.
Say: “Bismil-Lahi r-rahmani r-rahim” (in the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful).
Wash the hands, rinse the mouth and clear with water the inside of the nose (sniffing).
Wash the face.
Wash the arms up to the elbows (start with the right arm)
Rub the head with wet hands, and the ears.
Wash the feet up to the ankles (starting with the right foot)
Say the two Shahadahs.
No need for reapplying Wudu’ as long as it has not been invalidated.
Wudu’ is invalidated by: Passing of excrement, urine, wind or by sleeping.
GHUSL (Taking a shower):
A Muslim must take Ghusl after:
Ejaculation of semen because of any reason.
For women: End of Menstruation period.
End of the childbirth period.
Ghusl is washing the whole body with clean water.
#TAYAMMUM (Dry Ablution):
Have Niyyah (the clear intention) of performing #Tayammum’.
Say: “Bismillahir-rahmanir-rahim” (in the name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful).
Hit the palms once on any clean dust-containing material,
then rub the face with the palms, then the hands.