Dua (Supplication)

Supplication
 

Section : Etiquette of Supplication.

There are certain manners that must be observed while making a supplication to Allah. These are given in the following topics.

Volume 004 : Funerals and Dhikr. Fiqh 4.110A. ———————————————-

Section : Pursuit of lawful means of Livelihood..

Ibn ‘Abbas reported, “Once, when I recited the verses of the Qur’an, ‘O you people! Eat of what is on earth, lawful and good’ (2.168) in the presence of the Prophet, peace be upon him. Sa’d b. Abi Waqqas got up and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! Ask Allah to make me one whose supplication is heard.’ At this the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, ‘O Sa’d, consume lawful things and your supplications will be heard, and by Him in Whose hands is the soul of Muhammad, when a man puts into his stomach a morsel of what is forbidden his prayers are not accepted for forty days, and a servant of Allah whose body is nourished by usury or by what is forbidden becomes more deserving of the Hell fire.” (Al-Hafiz b. Marduwiyah)

Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “O people, Allah is Good and He, therefore, accepts only that which is good. And Allah commanded the believers as He commanded the Messengers by saying, ‘O Messengers, eat of the good things, and do good deeds; verily I am aware of what you do,’ Qur’an 23.51 and He said: ‘O those who believe, eat of the good things that We gave you’.” Qur’an 2.172 The Prophet, peace be upon him, then made mention of a person who travels widely, his hair dishevelled, and covered with dust. “He lifts his hands and makes supplication, ‘O Lord, O Lord,’ but his diet is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, and his clothes are unlawful, and his nourishment is unlawful. How then can his supplication be accepted?” (Muslim and Ahmad)

Volume 004 : Funerals and Dhikr. Fiqh 4.111. ———————————————

Section : Facing the Qiblah while making a Supplication..
The Prophet (peace be upon him went out and prayed for rain and faced the qiblah.
Volume 004 : Funerals and Dhikr. Fiqh 4.111A. ———————————————-

Section : Supplicating at the most Opportune Times and Locations..

These are, for instance, the day of ‘Arafah, month of Ramadan, Friday, the last part of the night, at dawn, during prostration, at the time of rainfall, between the azhan and iqamah, at the time of encounter of armies, at times of panic, and when one’s heart is soft and tender.

Abu Umamah reported, “The Prophet, peace be upon him, was asked, ‘What supplication finds the greatest acceptance?’ He answered: ‘A prayer offered in the middle of the latter part of the night and after the prescribed Prayers’.’ (Reported by Tirmizhi with a sound chain of authorities)

Abu Hurairah reported, the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “The servant is nearest to his Lord when he is prostrating to Him, so make supplication in this state.” (Muslim) There are very many hadith found in various books on this subject.

Section : Raising One’s hands to one’s shoulders..

Ibn ‘Abbas is reported as saying, “When asking for something from Allah, you should raise your hands opposite to your shoulders; when asking for forgiveness you should point with one finger; and when making an earnest supplication you should spread out both your hands.” This is reported by Abu Daw’ud.

Malik b. Yassar reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “Supplicate Allah with the palms of your hands, and do not supplicate Him with their backs upwards.”

Salman reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “Your Lord, the Blessed and the Exalted One, is Modest and Generous, and He loathes to turn away His servant empty-handed when he raises his hands to Him in supplication.”

Section : Raising One’s hands to one’s shoulders..

Ibn ‘Abbas is reported as saying, “When asking for something from Allah, you should raise your hands opposite to your shoulders; when asking for forgiveness you should point with one finger; and when making an earnest supplication you should spread out both your hands.” This is reported by Abu Daw’ud.

Malik b. Yassar reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “Supplicate Allah with the palms of your hands, and do not supplicate Him with their backs upwards.”

Salman reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “Your Lord, the Blessed and the Exalted One, is Modest and Generous, and He loathes to turn away His servant empty-handed when he raises his hands to Him in supplication.”

Section : Raising One’s hands to one’s shoulders..

Ibn ‘Abbas is reported as saying, “When asking for something from Allah, you should raise your hands opposite to your shoulders; when asking for forgiveness you should point with one finger; and when making an earnest supplication you should spread out both your hands.” This is reported by Abu Daw’ud.

Malik b. Yassar reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “Supplicate Allah with the palms of your hands, and do not supplicate Him with their backs upwards.”

Salman reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “Your Lord, the Blessed and the Exalted One, is Modest and Generous, and He loathes to turn away His servant empty-handed when he raises his hands to Him in supplication.”